U.S. FDA Cosmetic Regulations
U.S. FDA regulates all cosmetic products that are intended to be sold and used in the US. In addition, the state of California has its own requirements that go beyond the rest of the united state’s regulations.
U.S. FDA Cosmetic Regulations Services
Cosmereg provides assistance for both United States-based and non-US-based companies with FDA registration who wish to sell cosmetics products in the United States and the state of California.
FDA Cosmetic Labeling & Ingredient Reviews
The FDA has strict laws regarding both the ingredients and labeling of cosmetic products. Some cosmetics are even classified as drugs, making the requirements even stricter and more difficult to comply with. Cosmereg can assist you in FDA cosmetic labeling and ingredient compliance by cross-referencing your labeling against the Code of Federal Regulations, the Federal Register, the VCRP Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary, the FDA Labeling Manual, and more.
FDA Cosmetic Color Additive
In the U.S., all color additives—including dyes, pigments, or any other substances that add color to a cosmetic product—are subject to regulation by the U.S. FDA. Cosmereg offers assistance helping you to meet the standards and file for cosmetic color additive and color batch certification from the FDA. Our team can prepare reports on the specific requirements, lend guidance on protocol, and help you file for certification to help the process go more quickly and smoothly.
FDA OTC Registration
Some cosmetics are regulated as drugs in the United States. If the product is intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatments, or prevention of disease, or if it is intended to affect the structure of any function of the body of humans or animals, a cosmetic product will be regulated as a drug.
Cosmereg can assist you in complying with the FDA’s Cosmetic Drug Establishment Registration and Listing, no matter the specific category.
FDA VCRP Cosmetic Registration
Cosmereg can assist you with all United States cosmetics regulations, providing confirmation to the industry that you’re fulfilling United States FDA registration requirements, including reporting required by the California Safe Cosmetics Program and the United States FDA VCRP (Voluntary Cosmetic Registration Program)
FDA Detention Assistance
Cosmetic products are found to be noncompliant with FDA regulations may be detained by FDA Compliance Officers at the U.S. Port of Entry. If you need immediate assistance with FDA detention, we can work with you to solve the problem so the product can move past the Port of Entry and into the intended recipients’ hands.If you need a product added to a Green List or removed from a Red List, we can also help you.
Do beauty products require FDA approval?
Beauty products (cosmetics) do not need to be approved by the FDA before marketing. However, some of their ingredients, such as color additives, may require independent approval. Companies that produce cosmetic do not need to register with the FDA. However, all products must be safe when used as indicated.
Sometimes, beauty products that claim to have benefits beyond improving or altering appearance may be classed as drugs. Sunscreen is one example of this. In cases such as this, these products require FDA approval.
How can I check if my products are defined as cosmetics by the FDA?
The FDA classifies products as cosmetics based on their intended use. The purpose of a product can be evaluated in a number of ways – through the effects described in its marketing, what customers expect from it, and even through certain ingredients. The FDA defines cosmetics as “articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on, introduced into, or otherwise applied to the human body…for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance.” Some examples of products that are defined as cosmetics are:
- Lipsticks, eye shadows, foundations and other make-up products.
- Face and body moisturizers.
- Hair dyes and perming solutions.
- Body scents and perfumes.
- Nail polish, cuticle creams, etc.
Drugs, in comparison, are products that are defined as “articles intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease…and articles (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals.” Sometimes, a product fits the criteria to be classed as both a drug and a cosmetic, based on its intended use and effects.
The FDA recognizes ‘medical devices’ and ‘dietary supplements’ as separate categories in their own right, while other products, such as soaps, are regulated by the Consumer Product Safety Commission.
Do I need to register my cosmetics company or my products with the FDA?
The FDA encourages both national and international cosmetics companies to register with its Voluntary Cosmetic Registration Program (VCRP). Registration to this program is entirely voluntary and no registration number is required to import cosmetics into the United States. The VCRP will only accept Cosmetic Product Ingredient Statements (CPIS) for products that are already ins distribution in the US.
However, if your products are classified as drugs, or both cosmetics and drugs, they must be approved by the FDA. Similarly, businesses that import ingredients for their cosmetics that can also be classified as food products, must meet the registration requirements of the Bioterrorism Act of 2002.
Is it necessary to test my cosmetic product?
The FDA does not specify the testing required for each beauty product or ingredient. However, as a manufacturer, it is your responsibility to ensure that your products are safe when used as indicated in the instructions.
Some manufacturers, particularly those who are new to the market, may believe that a product is safe because they have used it themselves without any adverse effects, or because the ingredients are all ‘natural’. This is not correct.
Are Over The Counter (OTC) products FDA approved?
OTC drugs are those that can be sold without a prescription from a medical professional. In these cases, the FDA regulates the formulations and labelling of different classes of drug, rather than the individual products. The FDA develops ‘monographs’ with guidelines for their production, distribution and application. Once the monograph is developed, companies can produce and sell these drugs without FDA pre-approval, as long as they are manufactured according to the guidelines. Monographs are used to establish the safety, effectiveness and required labelling of all OTC products.
What is the OTC monograph system?
A ‘monograph’ is used to define the safe and appropriate manufacture and use of OTC drugs. It covers ingredients, doses, formulation, indications for use and how the product should be labelled. Companies can manufacture and sell these drugs without a specific product license, as long as they conform to what is stipulated in the monograph. Monographs are published in the government’s Code of Federal Regulations(CFR). The function of the FDA is to ensure that the obligations of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act are fulfilled.
We offer other Services for the United States
Any foreign company that wished to sell food or beverage products, medical devices, cosmetics or drugs in the U.S. must do so via an authorized U.S. Agent.
In the U.S. the FDA regulates all food and beverage products that are intended for human or animal consumption.
Manufacturers of Dietary Supplements must ensure that their products are safe and accurately labelled